Friday, January 1, 2016

Introduction -Thermodynamics


INTRODUCTION

THERMODYNAMICS

Thermodynamics is the science that deals with heat and work and those properties of substance that bear a relation to heat and work.

Thermodynamics is the study of the patterns of energy change. Most of this course will be concerned with understanding the patterns of energy change.
More specifically, thermodynamics deals with (a) energy conversion and (b) the direction of change.
Basis of thermodynamics is experimental observation. In that sense it is an empirical science. The principles of thermodynamics are summarized in the form of four laws known as zeroth, first, second, and the third laws of thermodynamics.

The zeroth law of thermodynamics deals with thermal equilibrium and provides a means of measuring temperature.

The first law of thermodynamics deals with the conservation of energy and introduces the concept of internal energy.


The second law of thermodynamics dictates the limits on the conversion of heat into work and provides the yard stick to measure the performance of various processes. It also tells whether a particular process is feasible or not and specifies the direction in which a process will proceed. As a consequence it also introduces the concept of entropy.

The third law defines the absolute zero of entropy.

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